sb rusdi on Galungan celebration in B… Kristen on Travel to Bali-Eat Pray Love…
Before reaching Ambon, your final stop before leaving Maluku, you might want to visit Waai to see the sacred moray eels. In Ambon, you can visit old relics of a Dutch fort and WWII common wealth memorial park where heroes of WWII were laid to rest. If you have more time, you can also visit traditional village of Soya to discover Ambonese royal family manor.
By S. Kramer
Located 15 km north of Solo in central Java, Indonesia, Sangiran archaeological excavation site covers an area of 5600 hectares. It was declared as the Unesco World Heritage: Sangiran Early Man site in 1996. It is a key site for hominid studies where more than 100 hominid fossils from around 1.5 million years ago had been unearthed. This totals about half of all known hominid fossils in the world. The importance of this site is that it provides an archaeological record of physical and cultural hominid evolution in its environment.
In search for the missing link of human evolution, Eugene Dubois discovered the remains of a hominid called Pithecanthropus erectus in 1891. This species is also called the Java man. The excavation was continued by G.H.R Von Koenigswald, a German paleo-anthropologist, in 1930 assisted by the locals. Following the discovery of animal fossils in 1930, a jawbone of Meganthropus Paleojavanicus was discovered in 1936 followed by the discovery of the Pithecanthropus Erectus skull in 1960. The species collection from the site include Meganthropus paleojavanicus (Von Koenigswald 1936), Pithecanthropus Mojokertensis (1936), Pithecanthropus Erectus, and Pithecanthropus Soloensis (1969). The skull of Pithecanthropus indicated a brain size about two times bigger than a chimpanzee’s and two third the size of modern human brain.
Referred as the bones of the giants by the locals, the legend of the village told a story of a young man with supernatural power named Bandung of Sangiran defended the village from the attacks of a group of giants.
Management of the area is divided into 4 sites. Krikilan is the visitor center, Ngebung was the site of the original discovery, Bukuran is the site of the hominid evolution, and Dayu as the site of current research. At least two days are needed to visit all the four areas.
By W. Wang
Galungan is a unique 10 day Hindu celebration commemorating the victory of Dharma (good things) over Adharma (bad things).
Galungan is a very important event for Balinese people, who are predominantly Hindus. It is celebrated every 210 days and this year falls on May 21, 2014.
Galungan is not only the time for a full day of prayer but is also time for families. Most of the Balinese will travel home to their ancestral village and spend time with their families and tight village community. In preparation for Galungan, people sacrifice pigs at the temple a day before. The event itself is called ‘Nampah Celeng’. ‘Nampah’ means preparation to accept blessing from the gods and ‘Celeng’ means pig which represents laziness (thus it has to be destroyed). They will later use the meat for a family feast on the Galungan day.
During Galungan, every corner of Bali is decorated with many penjor (a pole made from a high, curving bamboo stick) adorned with fruit, flowers, and coconut leaves, which symbolizes prosperity. On Galungan day, Balinese people place as many penjor as possible to show gratitude and respect to God for his blessing.
The 10 day celebration will end with ‘Kuningan’ on May 31, 2014. Balinese people believe that on Kuningan day, all the gods, as well as the supreme deity Sanghyang Widi (God), will come down to earth and join the festivities for half a day. They also believe that the spirit of ancestors and deceased relatives return to visit their homes during Galungan will return to heaven on Kuningan day.
By W. Wang
Indonesian dishes is characteristically spicy and a variety of hot chili peepers are featured in most Indonesia dishes. Some of Indonesian popular dishes are now common across Southeast Asia. Last year, after more than 35,000 votes on Facebook poll conducted by CNN Travel, two of Indonesian cuisines – ‘Rendang’ and ‘Nasi Goreng’ – have claimed the title of no. 1 and no. 2 ‘World’s Most Delicious Food’ – http://travel.cnn.com/explorations/eat/readers-choice-worlds-50-most-delicious-foods-012321
Officially made up of 13,677 islands, Indonesia is surrounded by seas and oceans, providing abundance of seafood. Fish is made into fresh pasta, salted, dried, smoked, or fried. The warm tropical climate of Indonesia also provides luscious and various exotic tropical/sub-tropical fruits and vegetables which can be found year-round – perfect ingredients for various dishes. Coconut for example is easily found everywhere and is used as cooking oil component or an ingredient in cooking.
Each of Indonesia province has more than one traditional cooking that differs from one another. Wide array of spices and chili are main ingredient in provinces like West Sumatra and North Sulawesi. West Sumatra is also where tourists can find various kinds of cooked meat. It is the home of world’s most delicious meal: Rendang Padang.
Rice is the most important part of a meal for the majority of the people. In some of the Eastern islands, rice is replaced by corn, sago, cassava and sweet potatoes. Different kinds of vegetable, soy, meat, chicken, and fish are main parts of Indonesia’s diet.
Pork is easily found in Bali, Papua, and highlands in N Sumatra and North Sulawesi. Pork is served at Chinese restaurant.
Coffee and tea are Indonesia’s abundant commodity. The most expensive coffee in the the world, coffee ‘Luwak’ is originated from Indonesia. Different regions produce their own unique beverages. The most common beverages locally produced across the archipelago is called ‘Tuak’ which is made from fermented rice made from rice fermentation.
By W. Wang
The Full Moon, April 26, 2014
This is the day when Hindu people in Bali celebrate the Feast Tumpek Uduh/Tumpek Pengatag. Today is the day one of the Gods, Sanghyang Sangkara, descends from heaven to save and protect the life of all plants (the trees) as food source and the most important living things. He blesses all vegetation to be free from pests diseases, to live abundantly and to give other living creatures plenty of foods, more than ever before.
In the 16th century, Portuguese and Dutch traders sought spices in Indonesia. During this time, the Portuguese were quite rich on their amount of spices and continued to trade with Indonesia. The Portuguese traders caused influence with their music. Dutch people, however, made a much larger influence with Indonesia, being the European country to colonize Indonesia. When Dutch colonizers came, they influenced the Indonesian architect, religion, language, and government.
Despite Indonesia’s independence in 1945 (1949 in Dutch eyes), Dutch’s influences are still shown within many aspects of Indonesia today. For example Bahasa Indonesia, official language of Indonesia, uses the Dutch alphabet and pronunciations (Embassy of Indonesia “Indonesian Culture; Arts and Traditions”). Dutch also brought Old Dutch Penal Code and religious influence such as Catholicism and Protestantism over to Indonesia.