In the 16th century, Portuguese and Dutch traders sought spices in Indonesia. During this time, the Portuguese were quite rich on their amount of spices and continued to trade with Indonesia. The Portuguese traders caused influence with their music. Dutch people, however, made a much larger influence with Indonesia, being the European country to colonize Indonesia. When Dutch colonizers came, they influenced the Indonesian architect, religion, language, and government.
Despite Indonesia’s independence in 1945 (1949 in Dutch eyes), Dutch’s influences are still shown within many aspects of Indonesia today. For example Bahasa Indonesia, official language of Indonesia, uses the Dutch alphabet and pronunciations (Embassy of Indonesia “Indonesian Culture; Arts and Traditions”). Dutch also brought Old Dutch Penal Code and religious influence such as Catholicism and Protestantism over to Indonesia.